This practice combines trees planted in single or
multiple rows with agricultural or horticultural
crops cultivated in the wide alleys between the
tree rows. High-value hardwoods such as oak, walnut, ash, and pecan are favored species in alley cropping practices, and can potentially provide high-value lumber or veneer logs in the long-term.
Crops or forages grown in the alleys, and nutsfrom walnut, pecan and chestnut trees, provide annual income from the land while the longer-term
wood crop matures. Specialty crops (herbs, fruits,vegetables, nursery stock, fl owers, etc.) can begrown in alleys, utilizing the microclimate createdby trees, to boost economic production from each acre.
– from Training Manual for Applied Agroforestry Practices – 2006 ed. Center for Agroforestry, University of Missouri-Columbia.